International Firefighter Cancer Foundation
  • April 26, 2015

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  • Cancer Feature of the Month

    Eating by Body Type

    Nutrition Awareness
    (See Anti-Cancer Diets under Homeopathy) 

    History of National Nutrition 


    American Dietetic Association 

    American Society for Nutrition 

    Army Center of Excellence, Subsistence (ACES)

    Find a Nutrition Professional 

    FoodNavigator.com (Europe)

    TheCampaign.org (Genetically Engineered Food Info.) 

    SeedsofDeception.com (Genetically Modified Foods) 

    "Are Organic Foods Really Healthier For You?

    Health Benefits of Organic Food 

    "Does It Pay To Buy Organic?"  (Businessweek)


    Homeopathy & Alternative Medicine:
    (This section is offered for informational purposes.  It should not be used to replace medical advice from licensed medical practitioners.  Please consult your doctor before beginning any diet, supplement, or treatment regimen.)

    Print Resources:
    Prescription for Nutritional Healing (3rd ed.)
    By Phyllis Balch & James Balch

    Living Time: Faith & Facts to Transform
    Your Cancer Journey
    By Bernadine Healy, M.D.

    The Total Cancer Wellness Guide
    By Kim Thiboldeaux

    Lessons from Joan: Living & Loving with Cancer, A
    Husband's Story
    By Eric R. Kingson

    Crazy Sexy Cancer Tips
    By Kris Carr

    Intimacy After Cancer - A Woman's Guide
    By Dr. Sally Kidd & Dana Rowett

    What to Eat if You have Cancer (Cookbook also available)
    By Maureen Keen & Daniella Chace

    Beating Cancer with Nutrition
    By Dr. Patrick Quillin PhD., RD, CNS, with Noreen Quillin


    National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)

    National Center for Homeopathy



    Cancer Tutor



    The Moss Reports

    Diet & Supplements:
    The Cancer Project

    The Anticancer Diet: WebMD

    The Anti-Cancer Diet: AskDrSears.com

    5 Ways To Reduce Carcinogens in Well-Done Meat

    The Nine Are Divine Anticancer Diet

    Healing Recipes (Courtesy of Carepages.com)

    GetHealthyAgain.com (Immune Supplement Reference)

    Naturopathic Hospital Resources:
    The Alternative Medicine Homepage (Large List) 

    New Hope Wellness Center

    Cancer Treatment Centers of America

    Nazareth Hospital

    Cancer Feature of the Month
    Mar 09, 2015

    March 2015

    Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month

    Colorectal Cancer Facts - CDC.gov

    Colon Cancer Symptoms - 5 Surprising Signs

    Colorectal Screening Recommendation Summary

    National Nutrition Month

    American Cancer Society: Recipes

    Stanford Medicine Cancer Institute: Recipes

    Survive Cancer: Recipes

    Cancer Nutrition Center

    Kick Butts Day (March 18)

    What is Kick Butts Day?



    International Women’s Day (March 7)

    International Women's Day 2015:

    International Women’s Day (IWD) or International Working Women’s Day is a special day observed on 8 March every year in many countries. It is observed as a day to respect and treasure women as well as to appreciate women’s achievement in economy, politic, and social. Different countries have different ways in celebrating International Women’s Day. Some countries observe the date as a public holiday for all citizens, some others only grant day off for women, while the rest do not observe the date at all.

    When is International Women’s Day 2015?
    International Women’s Day (IWD) 2015 falls on Saturday, March 7, 2015

    The Origin of International Women’s Day
    The United States became the first country celebrating Woman’s Day nationally on 28 February 1909. Following the celebration of Woman’s Day in the US, an International Women’s Conference was organized in August 1910 to promote gender equality. In less than a year, the first International Women’s Day was celebrated by more than a million people in 4 countries – Germany, Austria, Denmark, Switzerland – on 18 March 1911. It was not a popular event observed internationally until the year 1977 when the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 8 March as the UN Day for women’s right and peace.

    Countries Observing IWD as a Public Holiday
    Below is the list of countries observing International Women’s Day as a public holiday for all citizens.

    • Afghanistan
    • Angola
    • Armenia
    • Azerbaijan
    • Belarus
    • Burkina Faso
    • Cambodia
    • Cuba
    • Georgia
    • Guinea-Bissau
    • Eritrea
    • Kazakhstan
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Laos
    • Moldova
    • Mongolia
    • Montenegro
    • Russia
    • Tajikistan
    • Turkmenistan
    • Uganda
    • Ukraine
    • Uzbekistan
    • Vietnam
    • Zambia

    Countries Observing IWD as a Holiday for Women
    Below is the list of countries observing International Women’s Day as a holiday only for women.

    • China
    • Macedonia
    • Madagascar
    • Nepal

    Countries Celebrating IWD without Observing the Day as a Public Holiday
    Below is the list of countries celebrating International Women’s Day by giving gifts or conducting special events for women, but not making the day a public holiday.

    • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Brazil
    • Bulgaria
    • Cameroon
    • Chile
    • Croatia
    • Estonia
    • Hungary
    • Latvia
    • Lithuania
    • Poland
    • Serbia
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia

    International Women’s Day Celebration
    People in many countries celebrate International Women’s Day by giving flowers, chocolates, or gifts to women in their lives including mother, sister, wife, daughter, girlfriend, and female colleagues. In some countries, the celebration of International Women’s Day is almost the same with Mother’s Day in which children give presents to their mother.

    Sometimes, the excessive celebration of International Women’s Day brings controversies concerning discrimination and violence against human rights. As an illustration, one local authority in London specializes one of its library to women and forbids men as well as male staffs to enter the library during International Women’s Day. Another example, hundreds men and women in Iran were beaten by the officers because of planning a rally on International Woman’s Day in 2007.

    All in all, the purpose of International Woman’s Day is to honor and appreciate women, promote gender equality, and create peaceful environment for women. The celebration of such day is never meant to spark violence or highlight and exacerbate discrimination between men and women around the world.

    Happy International Women’s Day 2015!

    Feb 06, 2015

    A comprehensive medical screening program is one of the most proactive policies in protecting a firefighters overall health, yet many fire departments are unable to offer them. In today’s tight economic times it is difficult to justify any type of health and wellness program. In fact according to a report issued by the NFPA (October, 2011) 41% of California fire departments had no program to maintain basic firefighter health and wellness. Yet, it is not all the fire departments fault, firefighters are to blame as well. Even with all the education and information available today researchers at Iowa State University discovered that 86% of volunteer firefighters did not know their blood lipid and 47% did not know their blood pressure (Yoo & Franke). The truth be told, the job will kill you and being ignorant will not help. So what can you do to help yourself and your department?

    Obesity is an epidemic in our country and the risks associated with it are heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and diabetes. The term obesity is used to describe the health condition of anyone significantly above his or her ideal healthy weight. Firefighters are often classified as obese or overweight due to many factors associated with the job (ie. poor nutrition, sleep disruptions, limited physical activity). Researchers at the Bringham and Women’s hospital showed that prolonged sleep restriction with simultaneous circadian disruption decreased the individuals metabolic rate (Buxton, 2012). According to another study (Shift Work, 2012) shift workers were 23 percent more likely to have had a heart attack and 24 percent more likely to have had another cardiovascular problem. Chances of an ischemic stroke were 5 percent greater among those who worked other than daytime hours. People who worked nights faced the biggest risk. Their odds of a cardiovascular problem were 41 percent greater than for daytime workers.

    For the most part getting your annual physical is a simple procedure, but are the tests you getting really benefitting you? The NFPA 1582 Standards on Comprehensive Medical Program provides a buffet of tests but it can be overwhelming and costly to offer them all. Other programs utilize the Framingham Risk Score which utilizes a number of scoring systems used to determine an individual's chances of developing cardiovascular disease (Wilson, 1998). Although the scoring system does help predict coronary heart disease it does not predict for stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), and heart failure. This could mean that many firefighters could be flying under the radar, or even worse those who were assessed as low risk could still be at risk. Therefore we are really not addressing cardiovascular disease and the risks associated with it.

    Most standards of care programs will generally include the following tests:

    ·       Total Cholesterol

    ·       Blood Pressure

    ·       Body Mass Index (BMI)

    ·       LDL

    ·       Glucose

    ·       Tobacco Use

    ·       ATP III classification

    ·       Framingham Score

    Although comprehensive, this does not show us the real picture. In fact according to one program performed by Reno Public Safety, individuals classified as “high risk” were told to lose weight with a standard high carb, low fat protocol, begin an exercise program, or be placed on statins. Individuals with blood glucose over 100 were not classified as pre- diabetic and were overlooked. Values for fasting plasma glucose range from 100-125 are considered pre-diabetic and recent research has shown that some long-term damage to the body, especially the heart and circulatory system, may already be occurring during pre-diabetes.

    Utilizing the basic standards of care assessments listed above the Reno Public Safety program classified 1-2% of the population as “high risk”. However this did not reflect what was really occurring. To help create a more realistic picture they decided to include insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome and saw an increase of 25% of their work force classified as sick or at risk.

    Insulin resistance is a condition in which cells no longer respond well to insulin. The body responds by secreting more insulin into the bloodstream in an effort to reduce blood glucose levels. Metabolic syndrome is a name for a group of risk factors that occur together and increase the risk for coronary artery disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Research performed at the University of Connecticut showed that a carbohydrate restriction improves glycemic control, insulin levels, triglycerides, and HDL levels even in the absence of weight loss. However, another study in the journal Circulation (2011) showed that both C-reactive protein and LDL cholesterol both increase in a high-protein diet that doesn’t contain adequate fiber.

    Another very important screening that should be incorporated into every program is the amount of inflammation within your body. Researchers at the University of California - San Francisco (O’Donovan, 2012) showed that small, traumatic exposures over a lifetime or career will boost inflammation in the body. Individuals with higher levels of inflammation within their body tend to have an increased risk of having a heart attack. New England Journal of Medicine , (Ridker, 2002) concluded that CRP outperforms LDL cholesterol as a predictor of cardiovascular risk and is a better predictor of cardiovascular events (heart attacks, strokes, bypass surgery, or angioplasty) than other inflammatory markers (Ridker, 2000). It should be noted that people who have metabolic syndrome often have low levels of inflammation throughout the body.  

    The role of fat or lipoproteins area constant theme when discussing CVD, and there are many different types and each plays a different role on the body. The most common is cholesterol and is often associated with CVD. Many firefighters have heard of High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) often termed the “good” cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is usually termed the”bad” cholesterol, and triglycerides. Recently, many researchers have been looking into the importance of LDL-particle size (small LDL-P). LDL-P measures the actual number of LDL particles. It appears that LDL-P may be a stronger predictor of cardiovascular events than LDL-C. Low LDL-P is a much stronger predictor of low risk than low LDL-C. In fact, about 30 – 40% of those with low LDL-C may have elevated LDL-P. Therefore you can have low LDL-C but still be at risk for CVD, particularly if your LDL-P is elevated. There is an inverse correlation between blood levels of triglycerides and particle size. Thus, the higher your triglycerides, the higher the number of small LDL particles.  Conversely, the lower your triglycerides, the higher the number of larger, fluffy protectiveLDL- particles (McNamara, 1992).This may explain why so many patients who suffer a heart attack do not have elevated levels of LDL-C. Patients with high levels of triglycerides and low HDL-C are likely to have high LDL-P despite normal or low LDL-C. This could be a typical patient with the metabolic syndrome. Studies indicate that these patients may actually benefit most from low carbohydrate diets (Kraus, 2006).

    In addition to the other tests the Reno Public Safety program had screened 196 individuals for LDL-P, this additional screen determined that 92% or 180 officers were actually at high risk for CVD, leading us to believe there is a large correlation between insulin resistance, systemic inflammation, and LDL-particle size. To help firefighters understand their health screenings a basic self assessment model was developed to help identify their current level of risk. These assessments are to help identify if you are at risk and in no way a means to diagnose CVD. Use this screening model to help create a more proactive approach to your health and always be under the care of a health care provider. Make sure to get your annual physicals and ask your doctor for the tests associated with the chart. Remember, it’s the job that increases the chances of CVD and the only way to combat it is to know the FACTS!

    NFPA, (October 2011). Third Needs Assessment of the U.S. Fire Service, CA, Fire Analysis and Research, Quincy, MA.

    Yoo, H.L., Franke, W.D.,(August, 2009) Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in volunteer firefighters. Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University.J Occup Environ Med.;51(8):958-62.

    D'Agostino, Vasan, Pencina, Wolf, Cobain, Massaro, Kannel. (May, 1998). A General Cardiovascular Risk Profile for Use in Primary Care: The Framingham Heart Study. 12;97(18):1837-47

    Shift work and vascular events: systematic review and meta-analysis (July, 2012) BMJ 2012;345:e4800 doi: 10.1136/bmj.e4800

    Buxton, O. M., Cain, S. W., O'Connor, S.P., Porter, J.H., Duffy, J.F., Wang, W., Czeisler, C.A., Shea, S.A., (2012) Adverse Metabolic Consequences in Humans of Prolonged Sleep Restriction Combined with Circadian Disruption. Science Translational Medicine; 4 (129):

    Volek, J.S., Feinman, R.D., (November, 2005) Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction. Nutrition and Metabolism. 2:31 

    O'Donovan, A.,, Neylan T.C.,, Metzler T.,, Cohen B.E., (February, 2012)Lifetime exposure to traumatic psychological stress is associated with elevated inflammation in the Heart and Soul Study.Brain, Behavior, Immunization. 2012 May;26(4):642-9.

    Gogebakan, P., Kohl, A., et al. (2011) Effects of Weight Loss and Long-Term Weight Maintenance with Diets Varying in Protein and Glycemic Index on Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Circulation. 124, 2829-2938.

    Ridker, P. M., Rifai, N., Rose, R., Buring, J. E., Cook, N.R., (November, 2002). Comparison of C-Reactive Protein and Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels in the Prediction of First Cardiovascular Events. New England Journal of Medicine. 347:1557-1565

    Ridker, P.M., Hennekens, C.H., Rifai, N., Buring, J. E., Cook, N.R., (March,  2000). C-Reactive Protein and other markers of inflammation of cardiovascular disease in women. New England Journal of Medicine

     McNamara, J.R., Jenner, J.L., Li, Z., Wilson, P.W, Schaefer, E.J.,(November, 1992). Change in LDL particle size is associated with change in plasma triglyceride concentration. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and vascular biology. (11):1284-90.

     Krauss, R.M., Blanche, P.J., Rawlings, R.S., Fernstrom, H.M. Willliams, P.T. (September, 2006) Separate effects of reduced carbohydrate intake and weight loss on atherogenic dyslipidemia. Americna Journal of Clinicial Nutrition. ;84(3):668.


    Male Cancer Awareness
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    University of Michigan: Comprehensive Cancer Center

    Near Naked Man: Save Our Testicles!

    American Cancer Society: Testicular Self Examination

    Teen Health: How to perform a Testicular Exam

    Page Last Updated: Mar 09, 2015 (19:51:57)
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