Colorectal Cancer Screening with Odor Material by Canine Scent Detection
Gut published online; Publication Date: 31 January 2011
A labrador retriever was trained to detect colorectal cancer from exhaled breath samples and watery stool samples. The dog’s sensitivity using exhaled breath samples compared with conventional diagnosis by colonoscopy was 91% and the specificity was 99%. The sensitivity using stool samples was 97% and the specificity was 99%. Read the entire article by clicking here.
Characteristic Odor in the Blood Reveals Ovarian Carcinoma
Published in BioMed Central;Publication Date: 24 November 2010
Two dogs were specially trained to detect ovarian cancer tissues and blood from patients with ovarian carcinoma. The tissue tests showed sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 95%, while the blood tests showed sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 98%. Read the entire article by clicking here.
Olfactory Detection of Prostate Cancer by Dogs Sniffing Urine:A Step Forward in Early Diagnosis
Published online in European Urology; Publication Date: 15 October 2010
A Belgian Malinois shepherd was trained to detect prostate cancer from urine samples. The sensitivity and specificity were both 91%. In addition, the dog detected prostate cancer in one of the “healthy” control subjects who had been previously cleared by a biopsy. Read the entire article by clicking here.
Diagnostic Accuracy of Canine Scent Detection in Early- and Late-Stage Lung and Breast Cancers
Published in Integrative Cancer Therapies
Publication Date: March 2006
Five dogs were trained to detect Breast and lung from exhaled breath samples. Compared to biopsy-confirmed conventional diagnosis, the dogs overall sensitivity and specificity for lung cancer was 99%. For Breast cancer their overall sensitivity was 88% and their specificity was 98%. In addition, the dogs repeatedly alerted to a “healthy” control sample who was diagnosed with breast cancer 18 months later. Read the entire article by clicking here.
Olfactory Detection of Human Bladder Cancer by Dogs: Proof ofPrinciple Study
Published in BMJ
Publication Date: 14 July 2004
Six dogs were trained to detect bladder cancer from urine samples. Their mean success rate was 41%, compared with 14% expected by chance alone. Read the entire article by clicking here.
Canine scent detection in the diagnosis of lung cancer: Revisiting a puzzling phenomenon
Rainer Ehmann1 *, Enole Boedeker2 *, Uwe Friedrich3, Jutta Sagert3, Jürgen Dippon4,Godehard Friedel2, Thorsten Walles2*both authors contributed equally1 Ambulante Pneumologie, Rotebuehlplatz 19, 70178 Stuttgart, Germany.2 Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Schillerhoehe Hospital, Solitudestrasse 18, 70839Gerlingen, Germany.3 TeamCanin, An der Burg 1, 79843 Loeffingen, Germany.4 Department of Mathematics, University of Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70569 Stuttgart.Germany
Questions & Answers
Q. Who is eligible to participate in the research study?
A. All members of fire and emergency medical services and their families
Q. What is the cost to participate in the program?
A. A donation is accepted to offset materials, shipping charges, administrative costs.
Q. Which cancers are being tested?
A. All cancers (skin cancer to the most common and aggressive).
Q. Can I be tested if I have a confirmed cancer and are receiving treatment?
A. Yes. Please advise testing proctor of cancer status (testing efficiency may be altered by cancer treatment).
Q. What if I have a "detection" from my breath sample?
A. Each participant is contacted and a 2nd screening is completed.
Q. Is there a chance of a false negative or false positive?
A. Yes. Research continues into the influence of inflammatory diseases, medication use, recent surgery, or injury on the body's biomarkers that affect odors transmitted through the breath.
Q. What should I do if a 2nd breath sample is positive?
A. You will be contacted by the Fire Fighter Cancer Foundation, assigned an advocate, and offered a variety of assistance options for follow-up.
Q. What types of assistance are available?
A. Referral to firefighter cancer screening hospital centers, participation in focus groups, and access to Fire Fighter Cancer Foundation resources.
Q. Is my information confidential?
A. Yes. Public reporting will consist of trending by age range, sex, responder or family, and region of testing.
Q. Where can I find my test results?
A. A new member only login section is under construction. If you are part of our initial test groups please contact the your local organizer or one of the program contacts below.